Many children love to draw in childhood,
invent magical worlds and heroes. But at some point, a doubt might suddenly appear: “I can’t do it that way,” or even “I can’t draw.” What to do to prevent a child from feeling a fear of a white sheet, and whether it is necessary to learn to draw right away, says the founder of the art studio “Fly and Chagall”, art critic and mother of three children Olga Ayzenberg.
Drawing — one of the ways of knowing. Children are not guided by the result, the process is important for them. Often they, for example, draw and tell — this is such a narrative drawing, I love it very much.
My son drew a lot and told. These were always plot stories that gradually developed on paper: some battles, battles, supermen, flying in these poses of them. The son drew easily because he wanted to live in the plot for a longer time. For example, he watched a cartoon — and immediately made sketches on paper. In addition to the opportunity to live the story again, such drawing allows the child to create his own magical world, to supplement it — after all, he includes himself there, identifies with someone. All this is a process of understanding reality.
1. Do not be afraid of a white sheet
There is a development of knowledge, and there is a miracle of creativity — when you create something from scratch. Children, of course, do not think about it as we, adults, for them it is just a fascinating process. And it is important for parents to keep their children from not being afraid of a clean slate. The ability to start, create new projects and not be afraid of new tasks will be useful in any area of life.
2. Give the child paint (and freedom)
When a child has the skill to hold objects in his hand, you can already offer to draw. Someone quickly comes to taste and begins to draw constantly. Someone is cautious at first. There are girls and boys who are afraid to get dirty. One with pleasure will get into the paint entirely, the whole will be smeared. And the other will be wary of looking at this jar.
It is necessary to offer different materials, in no case do not evaluate the result of the work and do not set specific tasks: «Now we are going to draw a strawberry with you.» Apparently, I myself am a very freedom-loving person by nature, it seems to me that in this area I certainly need to be given maximum freedom and not limited. It is necessary to encourage any manifestations of fantasy.
3. Do not learn to draw «correctly»
In our studio, very understanding parents came up. Rarely there are those who want at once some kind of realistic school, results, techniques and best practices. But it happens. This is especially strange when they bring preschool children of four to six years old and say: «Teach my child to draw beautifully.» I’m starting to figure out what “beautiful” is. What we hang on the walls is beautiful? «Well, yes, but …». Gradually I understand that in their minds it is beautiful — this is realistic. Well, realistic — this is not our case, because not by age and absolutely no need.
There are children who want specifics. Let’s say draw an apple. Let them draw. One girl with us, in my opinion, a year, if not more, called everything that I painted with one simple word: “Dog”. She always painted dogs. We offered her: well, look, Sonya, we have a theme today — medieval knights, come on, maybe, a castle? No, dog. Well, we understood — it means that a person should work on this topic. A dog is like a dog. Now this Sonya gives out masterpieces. And this is not a dog at all.
Someone is completely satisfied with their abstractions as such, someone endows these abstractions with meanings and tells us that this is a machine, and this is a mountain, and the machine will now go there, and there — a tunnel. Therefore, it is important to feel the child well, in order to understand what the result means for the child.
4. Do not compare with one sample («I will not succeed»)
If you compare the “right” apple you draw with the child’s apple, he always sees the difference. Therefore, in the classroom we show children a lot of different artists. We say: look, you can draw the sun like this, like this and ten more different ways. Because when the only correct option appears, it is clear that it may not work out like Rembrandt. And then the motivation disappears.
There are children who create their own picturesque world. Such authorities are not disturbed by any authorities and samples — they are self-sufficient. And there are very susceptible to comparisons. They often worry: «I will not succeed like someone.» It is necessary to understand that everyone has different sensitivities, and take this into account when showing children the work of others.
5. Discuss drawn
It is important not to evaluate the picture of the child, but to discuss the content. This is a great plane to talk. A child is grateful when someone is interested: what is actually happening there? And he says that this is an apple, a worm lives in it, and now it will come out of here.
«Do not teach children to draw, do not make a mistake!»
“Well done” is a value judgment. Such a tick: «Oh, what astrakhan, ah, well done!» Praised, the child is satisfied, but the dialogue did not happen. But he brought something to show and share something, because at this age (we are talking about preschoolers and younger schoolchildren) these pictures are his world. And it is important for him that you go there, look in, wander, live, find yourself.
6. Stop drawing? Not scary
Not all children draw. For someone drawing may be just a stage of development. There are girls who draw princesses. They will draw a little bit — and this will all end. Neither before nor after their drawing does not interest. There is nothing wrong with that. They manifest themselves in another. These girls can, for example, dance well. They just have a different way of knowing the world. And that’s fine.
Often, children’s drawing is taken for artistic talent. Then the desire to paint passes, and the parents get upset. But this is life: it means that this activity was needed at this stage of development. Then the child will learn new ways of self-expression, knowledge of the world, and they will be different, more logical. Maybe drawing will come back — or maybe not.
A copy of the work of Valentin Serov «Children» performed by fourteen years Vari
7. Do not rush into art school.
In art school take about 11 years old, and this is the right age. There is already a motivation to strive for something, the children want to compete: who succeeded better, who drew more realistic, shaded the cube in a special way. This is the age when children are interested, they can work. And up to 11 years, the most important thing is to preserve the inner freedom of the child, the absence of patterns and fears.
When the age of achievement comes, he puts everything in its place. Then the person already wants to learn the skill. And just closer to adolescence, it becomes clear whether the child has something more than a direct childish love of drawing. Someone experienced looks and notices a vision, a good hand, a sense of composition or color. And if such a child wants to continue to engage in drawing, he is making progress….